In their letter to Congress, the AANS and CNS remarked that in making these cuts, Congress completely overlooked the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services' recent plan pronouncements upon this topic. In the final Medicare Outpatient Prospective Payment System guideline issued on November 15, 2012, CMS completely considered and rejected a proposal to establish payment parity between Gamma Knife and LINAC radiosurgery, stating that because the mean costs differ considerably, it might be inappropriate to pay the same for both systems.The number and frequency of alcoholic beverages consumed was based on mother’s recall which may not be accurate,’ said Jones who was among the first doctors to identify Fetal Alcoholic beverages Syndrome in 1973. Published in BJOG: A GLOBAL Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, the group of studies analyzed data from a lot more than 1,600 women in the Danish National Birth Cohort. The quantity of alcohol consumed by the ladies during their pregnancy was categorized as either none, low, moderate, or high. In addition, binge drinking was defined as having 5 or more drinks on a single occasion. When the child reached age 5, the small children underwent various development tests. Researchers discovered no significant association between prenatal alcoholic beverages usage at low and moderate levels and general intelligence, attention, executive function or IQ.